Tribal’s and dalits are traditional, conservative and under-privileged people. They are socially and economically weaker and general backwardness. For Tribal’s Poverty is a cruel fact of life still for many families. This is because of lot of Problems in this agency hill places. They live in the remote forest and hilly areas far from civilization. The electric light, telephone, roads, schools, post office, adequate housing, drinking water and hospital are not yet within their reach of everyday life. They are all illiterate. They don’t have even proper house, they live under the hut on the hills. Their families are joint families. In the small hut, they live around 20 people. They adjust everything in that hut. They even don’t have bathrooms/Toilets, taps, lights…etc. For marketing, hospital, water or other means, they walk around 30 kilometers from the hill to down. There is also no proper road, transportation…etc. Water is taken from streams or in some places deep wells that tend to dry three months of the year. Even today they follow the Barter system. They don’t know selling, they just simply exchange. Many business people cheat them. These people have no other means of earning to maintain, except by their daily labor in daily wages process. They even don’t know how much the wage is. They work for more time for fewer wages. They don’t know the education value. They celebrate child marriages. They give less importance to the girl child. Their lifestyle is innocent lifestyle. Lot of social, economic problems existing among tribes. Majority of them have poor health status, peculiar health needs and a wide prevalence of red blood cell genetic disorders that complicates their health problems. Their ill-health which is a cause and consequence of poverty.
‘Every person must have dignity recognized and his cultural identity respected’
The major impediments to good health are inequity in health system and radical poverty of the masses. Illness lowers learning ability, reduces productivity, income and savings and it leads to poor quality of life and thus perpetuating poverty. Tribe’s innocent lifestyle and age-old ethnicity. srikakulam district Failing which the race will be wiped out due to perpetual contaminated and dangerous diseases. poor sanitation, poor mother-child health services, absence of health education, stomach infection blind beliefs, lack of preventive programmes, and lack of health services are responsible for the poor health of the tribals. The malnutrition is high among the tribal people. Nutritional deficiency leads to diseases like endemic goiter, anemia, pellagra and beriberi. Problems like in-sanitary food supplies, water contamination, and poor food in-take reflect on the health status of tribals. The tropical disease like malaria is still widespread in the tribal areas. Hence, better nutrition and good environmental health are the important aspects of village health services.
As the tribal people live in the hilly terrain, during the rainy season the water flows down very fast. In the dry season, the scarcity of water is very acute in most places. Water borne disease like helminthiasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis and diarrhea diseases are rampant in the tribal population.
Tribal people join their children in economic activities – labour, farming with them from their childhood. So these children do not go to school for education and work with their parents their attitude is to use their children in economic activities of family instead of sending them to school. Moreover responsibility of little problems and sisters is also on their shoulders, so they cannot get education and want of education, they can do service/business. As a result, they have to face less income and poverty.
Alcoholism is a part of tribal culture and it is one of the reasons and result of poverty. People use alcoholic widely. They take alcohol at social and religions events. They take alcohol made from Mahuda and Tadi. Due to alcoholism, many families are destroying their health & in families the problem of poverty is seen.
This is a major factor influencing morbidity and mortality among the tribal peoples. Because of the poor agricultural practices among the tribes, food is always scarce. As they are not engaged in any other income generating activity (gathering of forest products gives them very little income) they are under severe exploitation by labor contractors. Not only is protein calorie malnutrition common, deficiency of micronutrients like iron, is also very common. However, iodine deficiency leading to goiter is not seen in this area.
The lifestyle of the tribal population in the area of the forest clad hilly terrain can explain the large number of deaths due to snake bites, suicides, accidents(falling from the hill/ septic/wounds)…etc in the tribal population point to a deeper social malady which needs to be looked into.
Tribal people work very hard. They cultivate on the hill Pineapple, ginger, turmeric, red grams, Konda brooms, Grains, pulses, paddy/cotton under the hill…etc. More over the land is stony, very hard. But sometimes due to floods, storms, winds, wild animals (elephants) destroy their crops. They survive only on those crops. Moreover, what they cultivate, in a barter system, they simply exchange. They don’t know cost value of the fruit.
Here a severe cyclone storms, many people huts were collapsed, and their crops were spoiled, they don’t have even food to eat, water to drink, they were sleeping under the trees in the hill areas, most of the villages were completely smashed by heavy wind, floods, many people, animals dead, lot of trees, solar electrical poles collapsed, no electricity, no medicine, no food, no water, no medicine, no one cares them, more over and they were in a worst condition. Moreover on the hill areas, there is no one to bother them, they are lonely. They lost everything, what they have. Cyclone storms are230 k.m per hour. Cyclone makes people on the roads, under the trees. Children/adults/ youth/women/old age, everyone are suffering, because of cool air. They became helpless.
Here in tribal agency places people are mostly suffering with malaria, Typhoid…etc. Due to malaria, typhoid, tribals are suffering with fever, fatigue, vomiting, headaches, yellow skin, seizures, and coma/death. The disease is transmitted by the biting of mosquitoes. They have no hospital, doctor, medicine, no proper treatment. They become very lean/thin. They need little bit of help.
Ch Sirisha is an orphaned HIV/Aids tribal child. Both parents died with
HIV/Aids, when the kid was young. The local villagers brought the child to
Hopesss for Care, as there was no one to look after the Child in the village or in the family.
Many of the things, we need can wait, the Child cannot.
Right now is the time their bones are being formed, their blood is being made and his sense is being developed.
To them we cannot answer ‘Tomorrow’ their name is ‘Today’
“Charity begins at home but it should not end there.” – Spanish proverb...
“Christian hope is never something merely individual; it’s always a HOPESSS for others. Our lives are deeply linked, one to another, the good and bad, each one does always impact the rest. You are a Beacon of HOPESSS.
- Pope Francis
Your support is greatly appreciated. No matter how big or small the sum you raise, it will make a real difference to the lives of children as the saying goes “Every drop in the ocean counts”